Thursday, May 21, 2015

Success, South African mercenaries against Boko Haram

It is clear that the webs with which sews the "powerful" Frelimo depend on the correlation of forces greater than specific individuals. While it may transpire one centralized power image on the leader, this does nothing to fulfill decisions of a small college people, as has been seen throughout the history of this party. If today is a Policy Committee that oversees the party schedule, it should be clarified that each leader leaves its mark and way of being compared to their peers in this "club". There remains the domain of the "liberators" in this committee, and new entrants meet statutory spaces, but they know and realize they do not have the real power of the word or initiative to propose actions. They are like people needed for quorum purposes, but little else. When a reputed member of Frelimo, also liberating said publicly that he feared that the handover to a new generation could involve "selling the country", it was well understood and interpreted in real circles of power.
The various forms that takes the composition of the decision-making bodies of Frelimo leave no room for a generational change happening in power.
In a game nothing simple in that use all means to continue in the heights, the candidate's choice, now PR, was enlightening about the survivability and replication of the old guard of Frelimo.
Tell yourself that, for reasons of political survival and legacy, there was no hesitation, over the years, in spot images and cut or eliminate people from acting spaces before very prevalent. Just ask certain individuals rather even supposed irreplaceable and gentlemen of truth and reason. The fine flower Samora Machel who idolized and promoted his cult of personality, for, between the lines, cementing their individual power, virtually disappeared from the official channels of Frelimo. They whine in the corners, but I have no space in the public media. Bearing in mind that the PR counselors teams are made up of people hand-picked and coming from the former leaders of Frelimo, it is not surprising that the PR build your public speaking in the wake of advising him. And the final product does not contradict the view of those true centers of power in the Frelimo.
Filipe Jacinto Nyusi is in the difficult position of listening Alberto Chipande, Joaquim Chissano and Armando Guebuza. It is an indisputable fact but an opinion resulting from reading the recent statements by the PR. There is a clear line forces in Frelimo that focuses on maintaining power without condescension or possibility of negotiation and building consensus with the opposition against the conduct of the October elections in 2014 and later approved final results.
As in the past, it seems that the decision is that the plaintiffs end up accepting the state of things "cooked". There is a clear inability to see momentum in national affairs and behavior of different parties. It is difficult to change, and it has several examples. Even when it is crucial achieve consensus and concerted, they converge and give, there are those who think and claim that only their word is the truth then by all. The recent history of Mozambique has been a war or verbal confrontation between militarized political forces that remain unconvinced that the political and economic democracy is the only system that can bring stability, peace and consequent development of the country. Successive agreements signed between Renamo and the government of Frelimo have been rammed whenever considered vital interests of a party are at risk of setbacks. Now, after unsuccessful attempts to reach a global political agreement, which would, in practice, signing a new AGP in Maputo, hangs in the National Air the impression that sold out the mechanisms for dialogue or negotiation. Growing twitching, and the former belligerents can return at any time to be belligerent in assets and across the board. Believing that there are irreducible between the parties, and since the war strategists consider that conditions are created for the outbreak of hostilities, we can only know when it will happen. Realistically speaking, the regional political situation points to the existence of concrete support to those who defend the final solution.
It will be moved by that fact that the speeches harden?
Are there acquired guarantees that there will be supply and support, if not third-party in another fratricidal conflict?
If we want to be concrete, the combat experience against the Boko Haram by hiring South African mercenaries was a success and it is not insignificant that this route is applied in Mozambique. After South Africa can not withstand a stop supply of electricity and gas at this time. The sum of existing foreign corporate interests in Mozambique requires that something be done to ensure that its operations flow smoothly. It is difficult and virtually impossible to predict what will happen in the near future in the country.  But one thing is certain, with bargaining derailment, are the millions of destitute hungry Mozambicans who will again suffer.  The political and economic elite historically irresponsible judges is protected of what might happen, but actually it is not so.  A new confrontation must be avoided by all means, and calls it a refrain from exclusionary discourses and viscerally against the interests of Mozambicans.  This country, Mozambique, should not be a repetition of stories of failures and overruns for carnage and sectarian violence. It is now that civil society, religious bodies, parliamentary and extra-parliamentary political forces should show what they are and what really moves. Concord, peace, stability and progress should not be just words that are pronounced as may be convenient, but something that unites Mozambicans regardless of their political orientation, religious, social stratum.
The national flag covers all and the country belongs to everyone.
It is in times of crisis such as we are experiencing that stand out and reveal the true leaders.
Claims to national leadership, and it is felt and has immediate effect, because every day of contention is food for connoisseurs of war. (Noé Nhantumbo)

NYUSI URGES SOUTH AFRICA TO PUNISH INSTIGATORS OF ATTACKS

Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi on Wednesday night urged his South African counterpart, Jacob Zuma, to ensure that those responsible for the wave of xenophobic violence in April against foreigners living in South Africa are brought to justice.  Nyusi made this appeal at a banquet offered in honour of Zuma, who is on a two day state visit to Mozambique.He also urged Zuma to work towards eliminating the causes of xenophobia. During the April attacks at least three Mozambicans are known to have died. “We praise the measures taken by your government, but the Mozambican people are awaiting, with great interest the investigations that the South African authorities are undertaking”, said Nyusi. “This is a matter which concerns Mozambicans, South Africans and all people who love peace and defend human rights”. Despite the violent attacks, Nyusi said he was pleased at the current stage of cooperation between Mozambique and South Africa. He thought the political will exists on both sides to overcome the current challenges and explore the existing potential.
South Africa is Mozambique’s largest trading partner, and South Africa occupies third position in the list of countries whose companies are investing in Mozambique.Despite this positive balance, Nyusi believed there is room to increase investment, and encourage the business people of both countries to become more creative and innovative, taking advantage of existing business opportunities. “Mozambique has arable land and an abundance of water and energy resources”, he said. “Our potential in hydropower, coal, natural gas and renewable energies allows us to guarantee the energy security of both countries”. To use all these resources rationally, Mozambique and South Africa should continue to work together, “promoting pragmatic and mutually advantageous cooperation”, he added.
For his part, Zuma assured his host that the South African authorities are investigating the question of xenophobia, to ensure that there is no repeat of the anti-foreigner attacks.
An inter-ministerial committee had been set up, and was looking into the causes of the attacks. “We have also met with various stakeholders”, said Zuma, “to discuss the question and guarantee that this situation does not happen again”.Among those contacted had been the various associations representing foreign residents in South Africa. Zuma said he was comforted by the reactions of South Africans who had vehemently condemned the attacks, and in some cases had intervened actively to stop them. “In general, South Africans are not xenophobic”, he said. “They know that for many decades we lived and worked with the people of Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe against the apartheid regime”.The April violence, Zuma insisted, could never wipe out the historic and political ties between Mozambique and South Africa. Instead, those ties should be improved by building economic cooperation. He recognized that the partnership between the two countries has produced satisfactory results, expressed in around 60 bilateral agreements and memoranda of understanding, covering a vast range of areas, including security, transport, trade, investment, energy, water, the environment, agriculture and mining.Zuma wanted the economic relations between the two countries to be further encouraged, resulting in increases in trade and investment. 


Nyusi meets Archbishop Jaime Gonçalves

clubofmozambiqueThe President of Mozambique met one of the negotiators of the General Peace Agreement in Rome (1992), the Mozambican Archbishop Dom Jaime Gonçalves, last Friday, on Beira city, during Nyusi's visit to the province of Sofala.During the meeting the two spoke at length about solutions to seek effective peace for Mozambicans.

COMPETE IN MOZAMBICAN DOMESTIC MARKET

Three other airlines intend to compete with the national carrier LAM (Mozambique Airlines) on the domestic market, according to the chairperson of the Mozambican Civil Aviation Authority, Joao de Abreu, interviewed by the independent television station STV.  He gave few details, but said that two of the companies will operate fixed wing aircraft, and the third will operate helicopters. Two of the companies are in the final phase of obtaining auuthorisations. Abreu named two of the companies as Fly Africa and MAIS, Fly Africa is a budget airline based in South Africa, which claims to fly from Johannesburg to Harare, Victoria Falls and Windhoek with fares over 60 per cent lower than those charged by its competitors.The Fly Africa website gives the company’s mission as “to be always affordable. We will offer low fares every day. We will use technology to make travel hassle free, so you can travel happy”. AIM has so far obtained no information about MAIS or the third company, which Abreu did not name. He said that one of the companies will be based in Beira and a second “probably” in Nacala.
 He expected at least one of them to start flying in September”. “Aviation is not just about large planes”, said Abreu. “We are inviting businesses also to fly to the districts, and not to think solely of large aircraft”. One of the challenges, he added, is to persuade companies to explore the possibilities of flight to more remote parts of the country.  Meanwhile, the general secretary of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), Raymond Benjamin, who has been attending an African Aviation Seminar in Maputo, told STV that he is opposed to the European Union’s decision to put LAM, and all other Mozambique-registered air companies, on the blacklist of airlines banned from European airspace.  The EU took this decision in 2011, and has renewed it every subsequent year. The reason given concerns failings, not in the airlines themselves, but at the IACM. “We are against the banning of airlines. This decision was taken by the EU”, said Benjamin. “But if our organization, together with the Mozambican aviation authorities, shows that Mozambique is evolving in air safety, then your country will get out of this position”.


100 MILLION DOLLARS FOR MOZAMBIQUE

The British government on Wednesday guaranteed aid equivalent to 100 million US dollars, to be applied, among other areas, to projects linked to good governance and the structuring of the state. Britain’s Minister for Africa, James Duddridge, announced the aid shortly after a meeting in Maputo with Mozambican Foreign Minister Oldemiro Baloi.     Duddridge was on a two day visit to Mozambique.This was the first foreign trip for the Minister since he was reappointed following the Conservative Party victory in the 7 May general election.The focus of his visit was to highlight the UK/Mozambique High Level Prosperity Partnership, which aims to strengthen economic cooperation based on shared priorities in specific sectors. His first stop was a trip to the brewery of Cervejas de Mocambique (CDM) which produces the country’s most popular beers. It is owned by SAB Miller, which is listed on the London Stock Exchange. Duddridge also held meetings with other British business figures operating in Mozambique.According to the British Foreign Office, the Minister used his visit to express the UK Government’s commitment to “help the country create a more open and freer business environment, growth and jobs” and to reiterate Britain’s “continued support to Mozambique in its agenda of promoting peace and reconciliation, especially as the country marks its 40 years of independence”.
Duddridge said that, during his meeting with Baloi, he “emphasised the importance of political stability and inclusiveness to Mozambique’s continued growth and development”. He also took the opportunity to invite Baloi to visit Britain. At the end of his visit Duddridge said “I was delighted to make Mozambique my first overseas visit since my reappointment as Minister for Africa. This is a young and vibrant country with an incredibly bright future. Mozambique’s dynamism and potential is the reason it was chosen as one of the UK’s five High Level Prosperity Partners in Africa”. He added, “I’m keen to encourage more British businesses to invest in Mozambique and we will be working closely with the Government of Mozambique to create the free and open business environment to make that possible. I’m proud that the UK and Mozambique have such an enduring relationship and look forward to it going from strength to strength in the future”.

“ECONOMIC SABOTAGE”

The governor of the western Mozambican province of Tete, Paulo Auade, has discovered five brand new tractors lying idle in an area designated for a future agricultural machine park, when they ought to have been used in the current agricultural campaign.The machine park is in the Nkondezi region, in Moatize district. According to a report in the Beira daily paper “Diario de Mocambique”, the tractors, each with a plough and various other accessories, cost a million meticais (about 30,000 US dollars) each. The tractors were allocated to Nkondezi by the Zambezi Valley Development Agency, which is setting up machine parks across Tete, in order to help increase the production and productivity of peasant farmers.“This is called economic sabotage”, said Auade, as he surveyed the idle tractors. “It’s a crime to leave the machines here doing nothing, when the peasants need these tractors. This is just playing around, and during this governance we shall end this. “.He noted that the tractors had been allocated without any plan as to how they would be used. Nobody knew when they would begin to work.“This shows that the tractors were bought without any prior consultation with the peasants as to what their needs are”, said Auade. The peasants were not asked whether they needed the machines, or whether they had other priorities such as improving access roads, or irrigation.“Because no plan was made, these tractors remain exposed to the elements, without doing any work”, said the governor.Also during his visit to Moatize, Auade was angered to find that the company TIC, a contractor hired to build five classrooms in the Zobue administrative post, had failed to equip them with blackboards. It had also failed to place taps on the tanks used to harvest rain water.
Although TIC had received money for the blackboards, the Moatize District Education Services felt obliged to dip into its own funds to buy them.Auade ordered that TIC be removed from the list of authorized contractors in the province. “This company can never again bid for building jobs”, he said, “since it has shown that it is not serious”.He also accused the district education director, Antonio Sopa, of being “a bad manager”, for failing to hold TIC to the terms of its contract.“The state gave money to the contractor, but you took out more money to buy the black boards”, said Auade. “That’s not how it should be. The contractor must be held responsible for everything in the contract which it failed to do”.

Friday, May 15, 2015

The two men arrested with counterfeit dollars

Resultado de imagem para portugueses detidos por dolares falsosTwo Portuguese citizens whose identities have not been disclosed were arrested Monday evening in Maputo’s ‘Bairro Central’ in possession of more than 16,000 fake US dollars. The versions on this story differ, as 'O País' reports today.One of the men owns a restaurant in Matola and claims that the fake dollar bills ended up in his hands more than three years ago, when he was the victim of a fraud, protesting that all he did wrong was fail to hand it all to the authorities. The other man says that he was trapped and knows nothing about fake dollars. Police says they made the counterfeit dollars and also forged “other currencies”, adding that they did it for a living, as the were unemployed. Police also says that they are now chasing a third element - who managed to escape during last Monday's operation - in order to dismantle the gang’s operations.Both the men now in jail have lived in Mozambique for more than five years and, according to PRM, they have been working in the catering and restaurant business in Matola city, on the outskirts of Maputo.Police, cited by ‘O País’, say that the two individuals are part of a gang which, besides counterfeiting US dollars, was also dedicated to falsifying “other currencies”.
The justification for the money forgery would have been that they were jobless.
"At the time of the arrest, one of the individuals said that this was their 'modus vivendi', allegedly due to the lack of jobs. The Police’s position is that this is a futile justification, as no unemployment may justify counterfeiting," said Orlando Mudumane, spokesman to the PRM in Maputo, cited by the same source.
During the operation that led to the arrest of the two men, a third member of the group reportedly managed to escape. Among the alleged forgers gang, the fugitive is the one who supposedly owns the material used for the production of fake bills. "This is a work the police are doing, based on sources that provide information on such cases. We are now in pursuit of the third member of the gang, in order to dismantle the scheme," added Mudumane.One of the accused acknowledges that he is the owner of the US$16,000 counterfeited dollar bills. He claims, however, that he received this money as the result of a fraud committed against him, three years ago, in his Matola restaurant. He also says that, ever since, he has kept the counterfeited money with him. "The fake bills are mine and were left in my restaurant, more than three years ago. By my stupidity, I never took them," said the unidentified detainee, cited by 'O País'.The other detainee, according to the same source, simply “denies the false dollars", claiming that he was "caught in a trap”. "I have only two words to say. I was caught in a trap and I don’t know anything about fake dollars."The two Portuguese citizens are currently detained at the 7th Police Station in Maputo city and a criminal case has been open.

Chinese arrested for bribery

The Mozambican police have arrested a second Chinese citizen in connection with Tuesday’s seizure of 1.3 tonnes of ivory and rhino horns, reports Thursday’s issue of the independent newssheet “Mediafax”.The first Chinese was arrested at the house in the southern city of Matola where the police discovered 65 rhino horns and 340 elephant tusks, which were being packaged ready to be smuggled out of the country. This was the largest ever haul of illicit wildlife products in Mozambican history, and has a street value of about 1.3 million US dollars.The second Chinese was arrested on Wednesday morning, when he attempted to secure the release of his colleague by offering the Matola police a large bribe.At the police station he claimed that he had been sent by the Chinese embassy to look into the situation of the his detained fellow-countryman. Then he pulled 1.2 million meticais (about 34,700 US dollars) and slapped it on the table as the price for his colleague’s release. But not only did the policeman with whom he was attempting to negotiate reject the bribe – he promptly arrested him and charged him with attempting to bribe a police officer.“The work ahead of us now is to find out where these goods came from and what was their intended destination”, the spokesperson for the Maputo Provincial Police Command, Emidio Mabunda, told “Mediafax”.The police have not released the names of either of the two Chinese now under arrest.

Thursday, May 14, 2015

MOZAMBIQUE ECONOMIC GROWTH REMAINS ROBUST - IMF

Resultado de imagem para Alex Segura-UbiergoThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) considers Mozambique’s economic performance to be robust and stronger than most other sub-Saharan African countries, according to a press release issued at the end of a visit by an IMF staff mission.The mission was in Mozambique to discuss with Mozambican officials the preparation of the fourth review of the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) approved in June 2013. A PSI is an instrument for countries that are not asking the IMF to lend them any money but are still seeking IMF endorsement for their policies (often necessary to persuade other donors or funding agencies to provide support).According to the leader of the staff team, Alex Segura-Ubiergo, “growth is expected to reach seven percent in 2015, though there are downside risks to this outlook due to declining commodity prices and the need for fiscal consolidation”.He added, “over the medium-term, Mozambique is expected to remain one of the most dynamic economies in the continent, with rates of growth that could average eight percent over the 2016-19 period”.Mozambique is preparing to begin the development of a massive natural gas processing industry in the north of the country. Although the first gas will not be produced from the Rovuma basin until 2019 at the earliest, the IMF points out that up to a hundred billion US dollars will be spent on its development which “could transform the country into the third largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter in the world”.The two lead companies in the Rovuma Basin, the US company Anadarko and Italy’s ENI have not yet taken final decisions on how best to exploit the estimated 200 trillion cubic feet of gas off the coast of Cabo Delgado province. However, the IMF mission “was encouraged by positive developments in the last few months, including the approval of new legislation that could help bring the projects to a final investment decision in 2015”.However, the IMF warned “while these projects will provide large fiscal revenues in about a decade, focus on other economic sectors is also essential to make growth more inclusive and create employment opportunities”.It welcomed the fact that “the government’s new economic and social plan focuses on key priorities that could support this objective”, but noted “there is a need to build capacity to transform ambitious strategic documents into effective programmes”.Turning to current events, the mission noted that inflation remained low (1.1 per cent) last year due to “a rebound in agricultural production and the relative strength of the Metical during most of the year”.It expects inflation to increase to 5.5 per cent in 2015, which will be in line with the government’s medium term target of 5 to 6 per cent.The IMF welcomed the situation whereby “after a large fiscal expansion in 2014, which saw the overall fiscal deficit soar to over 10 per cent of GDP, the 2015 budget brings back public finances to a sustainable path”.The mission was “encouraged by the authorities’ commitment to rigorous budget execution” and urged them “to carefully prioritise spending to ensure that critical social programmes are protected. Prudent borrowing for projects that bring value-for-money is essential, as fiscal space for new debt is increasingly limited”.The IMF staff team highlighted that “the authorities are making progress on structural reform implementation, and are to be commended for becoming the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to request and publish a Fiscal Transparency Evaluation (FTE) from the IMF”.During its visit from 27 April to 8 May, the IMF team met with the Minister of Economy and Finance, Adriano Maleiane; the Governor of the Bank of Mozambique, Ernesto Gove; other senior government officials; and leading figures of the private sector, civil society, and development partners.

POLICE SEIZE HUGE HAUL OF IVORY AND RHINO HORNS

Resultado de imagem para cornos rinoceronteThe Mozambican police on Tuesday seized about 1.3 tonnes of ivory and rhinoceros horns from a house in the southern city of Matola, according to a report on the independent television station, STV.This is the largest seizure of illicit wildlife products in Mozambican history. The haul consisted of 340 elephant tusks, weighing 1,160 kilos, and 65 rhino horns, weighing 124 kilos. The criminal gang involved in this trafficking had thus killed 170 elephants and 65 rhinos.The operation culminating in the seizure involved 20 offices from various branches of the police and a team from the forestry and wild life department of the Ministry of Agriculture. According to the spokesperson for the Maputo provincial police command, Emidio Mabunda, “some of the tusks still have fresh blood, a sign that some of animals could have been killed recently.The police arrested a Chinese citizen who seemed to be living alone in the house. His name was not released. The police hope he will lead them to other members of the trafficking ring.Last year the price of rhino horn was estimated at 60,000 US dollar a kilo – much more than the price of gold or of cocaine. Ivory is cheaper, but its price in China has soared – from about 700 dollars a kilo in 2010 to 2,100 dollars a kilo in 2014. So the ivory and rhino horn seized in Matola has a street value of over 6.3 million dollars. Since both species of African rhinoceros, the black and the white, are believed to be extinct in southern Mozambique, the 65 horns seized in Matola almost certainly come from animals slaughtered in South Africa, probably in the Kruger National Park. South Africa has the largest rhinoceros population in the world, but it is being severely hit by poaching. Last year, a record was set when 1,215 rhinos were killed in South Africa, but that figure could well be exceeded this year. Between January and April the poaching gangs killed 393 South African rhinos, an 18 per cent increase on the same period in 2014.As for the tusks, they could come either from Mozambican or South African animals, or possibly from further afield.The police say the criminals were preparing to smuggle the ivory and horns out of the country. It is not yet clear how they planned to move such a large amount.Last week, Attorney-General Beatriz Buchili, in her report to parliament on justice and crime in 2014, said that 75 investigations into poaching were begun, 57 people were charged, and 23 cases came to trial. She gave details of just one case, in which three foreigners (whose nationalities were not revealed) were arrested in Inhambane province in possession of two rhino horns in February 2014. They were each given the extraordinarily lenient sentence of a 200,000 metical fine (slightly less than 6,000 dollars).Prominent environmental activist Carlos Serra urged the authorities to incinerate the ivory and rhino horns. “It should be destroyed”, he declared, “sending a message to the world that this country is really committed to this matter, and that we are shifting to another level of intervention in the fight against poaching and the illegal slaughter of these animals”.Incineration would also avoid the risk that the ivory and the horns would fall into the wrong hands. If they were just left in warehouses, “the risk that they will be stolen is very high”, warned Serra.

Friday, May 8, 2015

SCANDAL OF CARDOSO ASSASSIN MISSING FROM ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S REPORT

Some reports are as revealing for what they leave out as for what they contain.
The report on the state of justice in Mozambique delivered in the country’s parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, by Attorney-General Beatriz Buchili, was startling for its complete omission of one of the major scandals that stained the judicial system in 2014 – the early release of one of Mozambique’s most notorious assassins, Momad Assife Abdul Satar (“Nini”).
Resultado de imagem para nini satar e carlos cardososSatar was one of the three businessmen found guilty of ordering the murder, in November 2000, of Mozambique’s top investigative journalist, Carlos Cardoso. He was sentenced to a prison term of 24 years and six months, but was released after serving only half this sentence.
It is true that prisoners become eligible for control after serving half their sentence – but only if they have shown behaviour while in jail. The Public Prosecutor’s office did not believe there was any sign of such good behavior.
Mobile phones were smuggled repeatedly into Satar’s cell in the Maputo top security prison, allowing him to remain in contact with his associates beyond the prison walls. He was also able to open and maintain a Facebook page – even though prisoners are not allowed access to cell phones and computers.
Satar’s name was repeatedly mentioned as supposedly ordering the wave of kidnappings of businessmen of Asian origin that began in late 2011. Satar denied this, of course, and claimed that he was collaborating with the police in order to ensure the arrest of the real masterminds behind the kidnap gangs.
Infuriated by such claims, the general command of the police retorted that “Nini is not helping the police identify kidnappers as some of the press would have us believe. The sole truth is that Nini is the boss of the kidnaps, and the police will continue its role in fighting this phenomenon”.
In 2013, prosecutors tried to include Satar in a list of those accused of the kidnappings. A Maputo judge, Aderito Malhope, ruled there was not enough evidence to charge Satar.
It was also judge Malhope who, the following year, ordered Satar’s release. But the judge seemed to have forgotten that the murder of Carlos Cardoso was not the only crime committed by Satar.
He was also found guilty of the major fraud in which the equivalent of 14 million US dollars was stolen from what was then the country’s largest bank, the BCM (Commercial Bank of Mozambique), on the eve of its privatization.
For this crime Satar was sentenced to 14 years. The Maputo City Court should have rolled the sentences for the murder and the fraud into a single prison term. This would not have been a simple addition of the two sentences, but it would have been more than the 24 years and six months handed down for the Cardoso assassination.
In effect, Satar has not served a day of his sentence for the BCM fraud. The patient and detailed work of those honest prosecutors who brought the complex fraud case to trial was thus cast aside.
And to date Satar has not paid a cent in compensation to his victims. The six men found guilty of assassinating Carlos Cardoso were ordered to pay the equivalent of 588,000 dollars in compensation to his two children. According to the Cardoso family lawyer, Lucinda Cruz, so far nothing at all has been paid.
Satar and his co-conspirators were also ordered to repay what they stole from the BCM. But none of that money has been repaid either.
None of this, however, found its way into Buchili’s stoically upbeat report. It might spoil the euphoria reflected in the Panglossian headline in Friday’s issue of the Maputo daily “Noticias” which proclaimed “Justice records advances”.
Satar seems to imagine that he is untouchable. He pays none of the compensation ordered by the Maputo City Court in two major criminal cases, but publicly boasts that he is a very wealthy man.
For instance, on his Facebook page Satar recently declared “I am blessed with money and the taste to buy whatever there is of the best quality in the world. My wardrobe alone is worth millions of dollars”.
So where did this wealth come from? Why has the Maputo City Court not made it its business to find out how a man who was in jail just a few months ago, now claims to own clothes worth millions of dollars? A reasonable suspicion is that perhaps these are some of the same millions of dollars siphoned from the BCM.
The Satar scandal does not end with his taste in clothes. Prisoners on parole are suppose to stay in the country and report regularly to the court. But the Maputo City Court – judge Malhope again – authorized Satar to travel to India for medical treatment.
Now any medical treatment not available in Maputo can be acquired next door, in South Africa. So what was so special about Satar’s medical condition that he had to travel half way round the globe? And when he reached India, he decided he would like to be treated elsewhere, and so he decided to fly to London. He should have reported back to the Maputo Court on 15 April, but did not do so.
Resultado de imagem para nini satar e carlos cardososA further stain on the reputation of the judiciary in this case is that Satar has rented a house in Maputo – and his landlord is a judge. What sort of a judge is it who makes money by renting property out to a convicted murderer and criminal, and one who has not paid a penny to his victims?
And this judge, Luis Mondlane, knows the case very well. For he is a member of the Supreme Court, and sat on the Supreme Court panel which judged (and rejected) Satar’s appeal against his conviction in the Cardoso assassination case.
Satar boasts on his Facebook page that he is paying Mondlane rent of 15,000 US dollars a month, and that he has rented other up-market Maputo properties “for my 40 bodyguards”.

What does Beatriz Buchili have to say about any of this? Nothing at all, to judge from her report. But as head of the country’s prosecution services, she has it in her power to insist that Satar serve his sentence for the BCM fraud, and pay the compensation ordered by the court.

Wednesday, May 6, 2015

Mozambique at risk of exceeding its installed power capacity

Resultado de imagem para electricidade d emoçambiqueMozambique’s demand for electricity is in danger of exceeding its installed capacity, warns Fernando Juliao, former head of the publicly-owned electricity company, EDM, in an interview published in Monday’s issue of the independent daily “O Pais”.“The increase in demand will be dispersed, in various parts of the country”, said Juliao, who was at the helm of EDM from 1980 to 1995. “So we will have to create infrastructure, not only in terms of generating capacity, but also in terms of transmission capacity so that the power reaches the centres of consumption”.Currently, Mozambique consumes around 700 megawatts of power (a figure which excludes the MOZAL aluminium smelter on the outskirts of Maputo). Juliao expected this consumption to rise within the next 20 years to 2,500 or 3,000 megawatts. That would be the equivalent of “another Cahora Bassa”, he said.The Cahora Bassa dam, on the Zambezi river, is far and away the largest source of electricity in the country. When operating at full capacity, its five giant turbines can generate 2,075 megawatts. The majority of this power is sold to South Africa, under contracts with the South African power utility, Eskom.
Juliao admitted that his forecast for growth depends on industrial projects currently on the drawing board coming to fruition. “If some of the industrial projects that are envisaged do not happen, evidently that will change significantly the demand forecast”, he said. “The bodies responsible for planning the expansion of the system must pay careful attention to this”.Juliao did not believe that funding new power sources would be a problem. “Any project that is viable mobilizes finance”, he said. But that viability was largely dependent on exports.Juliao thought there was always “a delicate balance” between the domestic consumption of power and electricity exports. And realistically, the only place in the region to which large amounts of electricity can be exported is South Africa.South Africa accounts for 83 to 85 per cent of power consumption in the southern African region, and will need to add another 2,000 or so megawatts every year.Yet despite this Eskom has not signed firm agreements to buy power from Mozambican projects that have been on the table for many years – such as a second power station at Cahora Bassa and a dam at Mpanda Nkua, 60 kilometres downstream from Cahora Bassa.“We always had difficulty in treating our contacts with South Africa in a uniform fashion”, said Juliao. “We had several projects happening, with different players, which sent different signals to South Africa. There was no single, well-defined signal, with a well-defined strategy, so that the South African market would understand what we want”.“We have to create an environment which allows the market and the investors to feel comfortable, to feel that they are entering a zone of credible investment, that gives them the prospect of a return on their investment, and that when they enter contracts to purchase power, those contracts will be honoured”, he added.

Mozambican private sector pushes for competitive coastal transport

Resultado de imagem para transporte cabotagemHigh cargo handling costs in Mozambican ports and excessive red tape are the main reasons why companies avoid using coastal transport and prefer sending their goods by road, according to a report drawn up by the Confederation of Mozambican Business Associations (CTA).The report on “Restructuring and Reviving Coastal Transport” was presented last week. According to a report in Monday’s issue of the independent newssheet “Mediafax”, it calls for an overhaul of the legal framework and the design of a plan of action to transform coastal transport into a factor that dynamises economic growth. Faruque Assubuje, head of the transport portfolio in the CTA, declared “what we want to discuss with the government are the problems facing coastal transport in the country and to propose solutions. Operating in this sector has become expensive compared with the past, and we have to identify the factors behind this”.“With this research”, he added, “the CTA intends to contribute towards identifying the essential factors for restructuring coastal transport in order to reduce the transaction costs for businesses in Mozambique”.The government, represented at the launch of the report by Jafar Ruby, Chairperson of the National Naval Institute (INAMAR), admitted that the concerns of private business were legitimate, but claimed they could only be overcome with the involvement of all interested parties.“We understand there is a series of constraints facing coastal shipping in Mozambique, and we must have the courage to face them”, Ruby said. “But the solution does not lie exclusively in the hands of the transport and communications sector. It’s a multi-sector question which demands the involvement of the Finance Ministry, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and the private sector. We must look for solutions together”.