Friday, February 12, 2016

Renamo is frustrated

Less than six months to the end of its mission in Mozambique, the High Commissioner of Canada, Shawn Barber, opened the doors of his office in Maputo for 60 minutes interview with SAVANA. Although cautious in speech, the diplomat did not hide the lines, its concern due to corruption which he said was an evil that it is urgent to extirpate given its harmful effects on the country. In March 2015, the end of an audience with the Nyusi president, will described as normal the political situation in Mozambique, saying that "there is no word of war, is a normal situation between the government and opposition parties". So, where do you think the situation has changed, since today speaks of violence?
What has changed is the decision of the Renamo to abandon negotiations and announce the governance in identified areas. Also, we saw Renamo proposals defeated in the seat of parliament and understand that they are frustrated,however, whatever the frustration, the best solution is always to seek these solutions through dialogue, through the public engagement and not necessarily the recurrence of violence.

But Renamo President said he had been to several conversations with the presidents of the Republic, all of Frelimo and that many of them substantially produced nothing. Afonso Dhlakama says it no longer wants to go to meet just toyourself in the picture ...
Personally, I do not understand very well what the Renamo president or whether you are interested in, but I am resolutely convinced that dialogue is always preferable to talk than take up arms. Mozambique is currently a point of no return, where multinationals are already prepared to make their multimillion investments. The IMF estimates that, between 2025 to 2045, Mozambique will have an investment estimated at 500 billion dollars, so it would be a huge setback if the government and Renamo decidedreturn to conflict. It would indeed be unfortunate for development
of Mozambique.

But when he took office, President Nyusi promised by word of mouth that the country would not return more to war. He said it must be unwavering sure you never Mozambicans return to clash. However, the truth in one year shows that we are not quiet, we are not in effective peace to think about the development of the country. You have some revenue so that he, as Head of State, may, once and for all, bring peace to Mozambique and Mozambique?
The future of Mozambique belongs to Mozambicans and not fit to walk diplomats to give advice than it should be done by the Government. However, Canada quite welcomed the inaugural speech of President Nyusi for their commitment in improving the human rights issue, its vision of a non-party State and a public service.

How that has accompanied murders or attempted murders which, coincidentally, always victimize people linked to the opposition or that take awkward positions to the government of  Frelimo?
I would repeat that the Government of Mozambique has the next 10 years the opportunity to invest a lot of money for the benefit of their populations. AND one of the advantages of us being in the G19 is that we can in a transparent and directly discuss various issues with the Mozambican government from the management of public finances, peace and security, corruption. We are tax partners of the Government of Mozambique and in this way we are interested to see how this management happens. None of this will happen without peace. Why these direct discussions between the government and Renamo are to Canada very important. Therefore, tolerance of ideas and views is an important element. We believe that the words that President Nyusi uttered during his inauguration will be accepted by parties so that reactivate the dialogue and continue to lead Mozambique forward in peace.

Shown us that is at the end of his term as High Commissioner in Mozambique. Sai satisfied?
My mission ends in July. I came to Mozambique 25 years ago, there was war and flew by WFP planes by Sussendenga, Beira and Vilankulo. Right now I'm happy to travel the country and see what I see. Yet there is much has to be done in Mozambique. Outside Maputo poverty levels remain high, education levels are very low, access to health care still remains problematic. I believe that economic growth will only make sense when men and women there is equality and women have control over their own destiny. In general, I am satisfied with the progress of Mozambique, however, there is much that must be done. I believe that with goodwill and in peace, Mozambicans can achieve the aspirations they want.

Thursday, February 11, 2016

Tanzania Oil and Gas Market Briefing coming up soon

Tanzania has opened 2016 as a serious contender to Mozambique Gas reserves, and the banter of 2015, pitting the two countries together in a race to come on stream first.

Recent Tanzania market developments include:
· Land deal finalized for LNG project - TPDC acquired the title deed for about 2,000 hectares of land for the LNG Trains as well as gas processing projects. The government has also set aside another 17,000 hectares in surrounding areas for development of industrial parks that will purchase the gas from the facility.

· BG Group, being acquired by Royal Dutch Shell, along with Statoil, Exxon Mobil and Ophir Energy plan to build the onshore LNG export terminal in partnership with the state-run Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC)

· Domestic Gas market - Late last year, the TPDC’s Director of Downstream Operations, Dr Wellington Hudson, said the corporation was in talks with an investor, Kamal Group of Companies, to extend the gas pipeline from Dar es Salaam to Zinga Special Economic Zone in Bagamoyo district, Coast Region. “The envisaged project is expected to cost US $20 million dollars (about 40bn/-) and it will involve setting up of a power plant to generate 40MW and supply of natural gas for domestic use,” Dr Hudson explained. The project will also include construction of a network of 6,500 kilometers of gas pipeline to supply gas to 30,000 homesteads in Bagamoyo district, according to Dr Hudson.

· Regulatory Framework - 2015 saw Parliament passing three legislations that touch directly on the country's oil and gas industry. These are the Petroleum Act, 2015; the Oil and Gas Revenues Management Act, 2015; and the Tanzania Extractive Industries (Transparency and Accountability) Act, 2015. All these have already been gazetted and are in force. This is such a milestone in that the new laws have consolidated and streamlined the regulation and control of oil and gas in the country

· LNG - Tanzania has said that it would not only be gaining capital gain tax payment when BG Group transfers its shares to Shell, but it would also be assured of a market for its liquefied natural gas (LNG). (Tanzanian authorities will be relying on the Income Tax ACT 2004)

· Labour Law - The Association of Tanzania Employers wants the law on employment of non-citizens to be reviewed as it is a burning issue which employers would love to see amended. "The law is at the risk of being labeled anti-foreign and stand to scare potential investors away; Employers would love to see more relaxed Labour, and Migration laws on foreigners working in the country," stated Dr Aggrey Mlimuka, the Executive Director of ATE

· Host Government agreements are now the only hurdle to cross before FID.

The Tanzania Oil and Gas Market Briefing takes place on the 16 & 17 March 2016 in Dar Es Salaam. The market briefing will provide updates on the Legal Framework, Projects for the construction, operation and management of liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities in Lindi. Presentations will include key investment updates, development plan updates for the major projects, local domestic market project updates, contract developer updates and key legal updates. For more information, visit

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Natural gas exploration in Mozambique has to move faster

The exploration of natural gas in Mozambique needs to accelerate because, otherwise, the country may miss the opportunity, the chairman of state oil and gas company Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos (ENH) told financial news agency Bloomberg.Mitha also told the agency he had been discussing the precise timeline with the government of Mozambique to “be ready with all contracts, the legal framework and resettlement process.”Following the initial discovery of natural gas in the Rovuma basin in northern Mozambique, six years ago, US oil company Anadarko Petroleum has not yet made the Final INvestment Decision, the last and final step to proceed with the project which involves an investment of US$15 billion.The head of Anadarko in Mozambique, John Peffer, who said he remained confident in the project despite the drop in price of raw materials, particularly oil and natural gas, said that the project in Area 1 required government approval for the relocation of about 500 people.The block, operated by the Anadarko Petroleum group, also has as partners the Indian state groups Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), through ONGC Videsh (16 percent), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (10 percent) and Oil India Ltd (4 percent), Japan’s Mitsui group, with 20 percent, the Mozambican state company Empresa Nacional de Hydrocarbonetos, with 15 percent and Thailand’s PTTEP group (8.5 percent). 

Standard & Poors Keeps B Minus Rating for Mozambique

The ratings agency Standard & Poor’s (S&P) has reaffirmed its rating of Mozambique as “B-/B”, but warns of the possibility of a downgrade to “SD” (selective default).In July 2015 S&P downgraded Mozambique's long term rating from B to B-, largely due to the 850 million US dollar loan taken by the Mozambican Tuna Company (EMATUM) in 2013 on the Eurobond market, and guaranteed by the Mozambican government.Standard and Poor's, one of the world's three major ratings agencies, was alarmed by the statement in June 2015 in the Mozambican parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, by the Minister of Economy and Finance, Adriano Maleiane, that the government was seeking to restructure the EMATUM loan.As a guardian of financial orthodoxy, S&P regarded Maleiane’s words as heretical. “We view the guarantee as the government's financial obligation under our criteria, and we expect that we would classify the restructuring as a distressed debt exchange”, menaced the S&P release of the time.A “distressed debt” is defined as the debt of companies that have filed for bankruptcy or have a significant chance of filing for bankruptcy in the near future.The government has not yet succeeded in restructuring the EMATUM loan, and paid the interest owing (of about 105 million dollars) in September last year. The next payment falls due in March.So S&P, in a release issued on Friday, kept Mozambique’s long term sovereign rating unchanged at B-, and the short term rating at B.
But the release warned that the outlook remains negative, and “Mozambique's external position is weak regarding both stocks and flows”, while the EMATUM loan “poses risks” to the country’s rating. If the EMATUM debt is restructured, that would raise the possibility of a ratings downgrade to “SD”.“Should the restructuring include an exchange that we would view as distressed (due for example to a reduction in principal or an extension of maturity dates), we could view the transaction as tantamount to default”, the release said. An extended maturity date is precisely one of the options that Maleiane mentioned last June.S&P noted that, in the second half of 2015, “Mozambique experienced deteriorating terms of trade, weaker external demand (especially from China), and a strengthening dollar”, all of which “have slowed investments in the country's mega-projects, which are mostly foreign financed”.Over the year, the Mozambican currency, the metical, depreciated by around 40 per cent, and the depreciation “stoked inflation, which rose beyond 10 per cent and reduced GDP per capita to 500 dollars this year from more than 600 dollars two years ago”.Nonetheless S&P anticipates that the Mozambican economy “will still expand by at least 7% annually over 2017-2019, assuming that several major hydrocarbon investments go ahead, including the construction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) trains”.The agency believed that the Mozambican government will conclude its negotiations over LNG with the main investors (the US company Anadarko, and ENI of Italy) this year, leading to the start of construction of the LNG plants in 2017.Furthermore, the release adds, “most of the rail track to new coal deposits has been laid, which should support higher coal production over 2016-2019 provided international prices recover from the current low levels”.S&P warns that although these natural resource projects, “once completed, will improve Mozambique's export mix and boost its economy, they entail short-term risks. These projects are the main reason for the country's large current account deficits, which have exceeded 30% of GDP over the past four years and were mainly financed with foreign direct investment”.The agency believed that the ratio of net external liabilities to current account receipts will rise to 876 per cent in 2019 from an already high 632% in 2015. Although most of these liabilities will be to foreign direct investors, we expect public-sector external debt to increase by about one half over that period in nominal terms”.On the positive side, S&P expected inflation to fall to single digits in 2016, and praised the banking system as “broadly well capitalized and stable”.
It also downplayed the risks of political instability and believed that any disruption caused by the former rebel movement Renamo will be “unlikely to derail the overall functioning of government institutions”.

EUR160,000 for water

The Japanese government will donate approximately EUR160,000 (over US$180,000) to support two water supply projects in Maputo and Gaza provinces in southern Mozambique, the Japanese ambassador in Maputo has said."Our objective is to help non-profit organizations implement projects that benefit communities across the country," said Akira Mizutani, speaking at the signing of the agreement in Maputo.The beneficiary institutions – the Casa do Gaiato in Boane, Maputo province, and the Federação Luterana Mundial in Gaza – will rehabilitate and sink wells at a time when the south of the country is facing severe drought.The Federação Luterana Mundial project, for example, covers two of the districts most affected by drought in Gaza, with about 15 thousand families suffering food insecurity and being assisted."Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are priority tasks for Japan," the Japanese ambassador said, highlighting human development, the revitalization of local and regional economies, and management of natural disasters risk as other key areas.Japan has funded 90 community projects in Mozambique since 2000, worth US$11 million (EUR9 million) in total.

Dialogue is the only solution for Mozambique

Resultado de imagem para chissano na namibiaThe former president of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano, yesterday said the only solution to end the ongoing conflict in Mozambique is through peaceful dialogue.Chissano said this when answering questions from journalists during a courtesy visit to President Hage Geingob at State House in Windhoek.The first winner of the Mo Ibrahim Prize, Chissano also confirmed that there are people leaving areas of Mozambique where there is movement of armed people for safety in Malawi.“The solution is always one. We should get to a dialogue and see how such people can be disarmed voluntarily. That is what I refer to when I say the police and army are taking their responsibility to disarm people who are unlawfully armed by force. But this [idea] has been suspended to give chance to a dialogue.“Our country has shown patience in this aspect to try and find a solution to avoid the killing of people in a more generalised armed conflict,” said Chissano, who during his time had fought for peace and stability.He said it is a matter of concern that Renamo's leader Afonso Dhlakama decided to hide in the mountains from where he issues statements which are not conducive, making people worry.“We think that good sense will prevail and conditions may be created and he cooperates to make such conditions so that there is a continuation of the dialogue which was interrupted by what happened, when he thought his life was in danger. But again, I think that this was caused by his party's behaviour, the statements and projects he had,” said Chissano.He added that it is very difficult for him to say that what happened was avoidable, because each person has their own responsibility, just as the police, the army and government all have their own responsibilities.A media report by Mozambican News Agency states that Renamo has once again this year rejected any face-to-face meeting between Dhlakama and president Filipe Nyusi.According to the report the government and Renamo had been undertaking a dialogue, at Renamo's request and with an agenda set by Renamo, since April 2013, usually with meetings at least once a week.However, this dialogue was scrapped by the opposition party leader, before his motorcade came under attack, causing Dhlakama to hide in Gorongosa mountains.

"There is No War in Mozambique"

Resultado de imagem para refugiados malawi
The Mozambican government is encouraging Mozambicans who have fled into Malawi to escape clashes between gunmen of the former rebel movement Renamo and the defence and security forces to return.There are now about 4,000 Mozambican refugees in Malawi, who have fled from parts of Moatize district in Tete province, on the border with Malawi. The Malawian authorities have housed them in a centre in Kapise.Interviewed by Radio Mozambique after a visit to Kapise, the Mozambican High Commissioner in Malawi, Jorge Gune, said he had encouraged the refugees to come back to Mozambique. He promised that they will be accommodated in safe areas, and will receive all the logistical support that they need. This government initiative, he added, also includes setting up an accommodation centre for returning refugees at Zobue, on the Mozambican side of the border.Despite the sporadic clashes, Zune insisted that “there is no war” in Mozambique. He backed up this statement, by citing the free circulation of people and goods along the Tete Corridor. This is the road from Zimbabwe to Malawi, which passes through the middle of Tete province.A Mozambican delegation is now working with Malawian counterparts about the situation of the Mozambicans in Malawi, and proposing their return to Mozambique. 

Mozambique's GDP growth slowed to 20-year low in 2015

The gross domestic product of Mozambique rose 5.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2015, registering annual economic growth of 6.1 percent, 1.1 percentage points down from the figure for the previous year, the National Statistics Institute (INE) revealed yesterday.The slowdown of the Mozambican economy is reflected in the INE charts, which show a strong start in the 2015 first quarter at 7.1 percent, slowing to 6 percent, 6.3 percent and 5.6 percent in the following quarters.The area contributing most to growth in the Mozambican economy, according to the INE, was the secondary sector, with a growth of 8.5 percent, with electricity and water doing best at 13.9 percent, followed by construction with 7.4 percent.The primary sector grew by 6.6 percent, "underpinned by mineral extraction," increasing over 8.8 percent, and the tertiary sector posted a positive performance of 5.9 percent, "driven by the financial, trade and repair services branches".In October, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) revised Mozambique’s economic growth downwards to 6.3 percent in 2015 and 6.5 percent in 2016, warning that there are "new challenges that require decisive policy measures".Analysts have warned that the Mozambican government’s forecasts of 7.5 percent growth in 2015 and above seven percent for this year were too optimistic, and the INE data presented yesterday suggest an even greater drop than the IMF forecast.In the last two decades, Mozambique maintained a historical growth trend above 7 percent, only interrupted during the 2009 recession, when the economy still managed to achieve 6.5 percent growth.But the Mozambican economy was rocked in late 2015 by a precipitous drop of the metical against the dollar, with an impact on foreign trade and rising inflation, associated with lower aid inflows and investment from abroad and increased public spending.

Additional measures to stabilize metical

The economic research bureau of Banco Portugues de Investimento (BPI) believes that the Bank of Mozambique will have to take additional measures to restore the stability of the metical, in the wake of its strong devaluation."We believe that the central bank will have to take additional measures to restore the stability of the exchange rate," the BPI experts write in an analysis of various African economies.According to the document, accessed by Lusa, the country's economic growth is expected to accelerate to 6.5 percent this year, "supported by mega-project activity, in particular liquefied natural gas and coal projects".In its analysis of the economy, the BPI writes that it expects the current account deficit to worsen because of the low prices of raw materials and the increase in imports for projects, but stresses that this is not a significant risk in itself "since a large part of the deficit is financed by foreign direct investment and the financing of the private sector".More important, the experts consider, are the effects of the devaluation of the metical, which fell 40 percent in value last year, on the inflation rate, "which should compel the central bank to take additional steps to prevent inflation rates from reaching excessive levels".In addition to the rise in inflation, a weak metical will also increase the burden of external debt, which has risen considerably in recent years, and will at the same time create problems for companies by increasing the cost of imports.Mozambique, the economic research bureau concludes, "will still be vulnerable to external factors, in particular the fall in raw material prices, which may have a direct impact on external and fiscal revenues and threaten investment decisions" of multinationals, in the coal industry in particular, "which, according to the IMF, could shave 0.5 percentage points from expected economic growth in 2016 if coal prices continue to fall".

UK minister visiting Mozambique plans to meet Dhlakama

clubofmozambiqueThe visiting United Kingdom Minister of Department for International Development, Nicholas Hurd, is to meet opposition leader Afonso Dhlakama, state-owned AIM reports.Hurd has expressed concern about the situation of Mozambican refugees in neighbouring Malawi following renewed clashes between defence and security forces and armed Renamo men.Hurd, who is conducting a two-day visit to the country, met President Filipe Nyusi yesterday afternoon, when, in addition to reviewing bilateral cooperation between the UK and Mozambique, the two discussed the issue of Mozambicans who are now refugees in Malawi.The British official also expressed his concern about political instability and violence in the country."Political instability worries us, as well as the Tete refugees in Malawi," the British minister said.Hurd said he planned to meet Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama to address these issues during his visit to the country.


The South African government on Wednesday refuted the claim by the leader of Mozambique’s largest opposition party Renamo, Afonso Dhlakama, that President Jacob Zuma had expressed his readiness to mediate.Renamo first raised the idea of President Zuma mediating in talks between it and the Mozambican government in December last year. In January, Dhlakama stated that he personally, and Renamo as an organization, have written letters to Zuma asking him to mediate.
However, South Africa’s Minister for International Relations and Cooperation, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, has denied that any invitation has been received. Speaking in Maputo on Wednesday, she stressed “we have not received any invitation from Renamo or the government”.Nkoana-Mashabane was in Maputo to meet with her Mozambican counterpart, Oldemiro Baloi. She pointed out that this was part of regular consultations that take place between the two countries.In December, Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi met with Zuma in Pretoria where they discussed, amongst other matters, climate change.At Wednesday’s meeting, the two foreign ministers focussed on the serious drought affecting parts of their countries and the ways in which they can access funds to ameliorate the effects of climate change.Baloi highlighted the need for cooperation in the field of drought resistant crops, which he said South Africa had a wide range of experience. He said that such areas of cooperation are not only bilateral maters, but also of regional significance.

The car reached the destination

Gunmen reportedly attacked RENAMO, Thursday, 4 cars on the national road number 1, section Rio Save-Muxungué in Sofala(Beira). According to the head of the administrative post of Muxungué, Domingos Fernando, the attacks occurred in Zove zone in the period between six and seven o'clock on Thursday.Domingos Fernando said to be the first case occurred this year in the region that is distant twelve kilometers from the village headquarters Muxúngè.The source pointed out that the attacks, there is no record of fatalities and the eight occupants of vehicles resumed their trip.A witness who was carrying one of the attacked car, told the Radio Mozambique that was a little difficult to see such men, but "the bullets came out of the woods to the road."

"They (the gunmen) started firing several shots at a truck of health services and three coaches. There were injuries the driver of a truck (shards of glass), but there were no casualties. "- Said the witness.The head of the administrative post of Muxungué announced that the circulation of vehicles on the national road No. 1 runs normally and the government are on the ground to maintain order and security.It was early last week that Renamo has made known its intention to control the movement of vehicles at Save-Muxungué and Beira-Machipanda sections.It should be noted that the political and military tension in 2013 between armed Renamo men and the Defence and Security Forces, followed similar patterns early after the Save River lock announcement by Brigadier Jerónimo Malagueta.

Friday, February 5, 2016


The air conditioning in the departure lounge at the domestic terminal of Maputo airport has broken down, reports Thursday’s issue of the independent newssheet “Mediafax”.The situation is extremely uncomfortable for passengers, since January and February are the hottest months of the year, with Maputo temperatures sometimes reaching 40 degrees centigrade. Angry passengers who contacted “Mediafax” described conditions inside the terminal as “unbearable”.The airport director, Acacio Tuendue, confirmed the breakdown, which happened about three weeks ago, and blamed the electricity company, EDM.“We do indeed have a breakdown”, he said. “Because of the oscillations in the electrical current, one of the components in the refrigeration system was damaged”.Maputo has been suffering from power cuts and oscillations in power supply since a lightning strike knocked out a transformer at the Matola sub-station on 30 September. That sub-station is key to electricity distribution for all of southern Mozambique. Attempts to repair the damage have so far failed, and EDM has warned that power cuts could continue for up to a year.Tuendue told “Mediafax” that replacement parts for the damaged air conditioning system are not available, either in Mozambique or in South Africa. Nonetheless, he was optimistic that work on repairing the system would be completed within a week. Until the repairs are complete, he could only advise passengers to be patient.The airport was completely rebuilt recently by the Chinese company, the Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Corporation (AFECC). The work, completed in 2012, was financed with loans of 75 million dollars from China, 50 million dollars in soft loans, and the rest on commercial terms.


The Mozambican police dismantled 283 criminal gangs in Maputo city last year, 140 of whom used firearms to carry out their crimes, according to the governor of the city, Iolanda Cintura.She was speaking at the opening of a session of the Council of the Maputo City Police Command, scheduled to last for a day.Cintura claimed that the Maputo police had solved 7,551 crimes in 2015, which was 81 per cent of crimes reported, and had made 7,234 arrests. The number of reported crimes had risen by five per cent, when compared with 2014.She said the police had seized from criminals 55 firearms, 535 rounds of ammunition, over 16,000 kilos of cannabis, and 14 kilos of rhinoceros horn. Among the stolen property which the police recovered were 151 vehicles and 96 mobile phones.“The effectiveness of police actions”, Cintura said, “depends to a large extent on the participation and collaboration of citizens. Although the police force is the most visible symbol of social control, it should work in close collaboration with the communities and with society at large”.She stressed the importance of spreading legal awareness among citizens, in order for them to know their rights.“Knowledge of the fundamental rights of citizens is important so that we avoid all incorrect and unethical practices, such as corruption, and taking the law into our own hands”, said Cintura.For his part, the Maputo City Police Commander, Bernardo Rafael, said the meeting will debate the operational activities of the police in the capital for the present year. “This will be the great debate that will guide our Council, prioritising peace, order and public safety”, he declared.Rafael admitted that one of the main challenges facing the police is to halt the wave of kidnappings in Mozambican cities that began in 2011. He also stressed that the police must boost their activities in the outlying neighbourhoods of Maputo, where residents have often complained about the lack of a police presence. 

The third route

I was recently in Quelimane, among other things, share ideas around our political and military crisis. I will not summarize what you said, but I will share the center lines of what I think are the biggest obstacles to peace and gravitate all around the inability of the actors involved to overcome their own addictions, limitations and prejudices about the country and about its responsibility for the preservation of peace and the exhaustion of the current model of political relations.
To begin, I would like to remind everyone that Mozambique live the same problems since he is known as a multi-party democracy. The post-electoral conflicts are a constant since 1994 and which was lived since then was always the same thing: elections / allegations of fraud / non-recognition of the results / events / deaths / conflict management / elections / boycotts Renamo / elections . Parallel to this, the armed men were always newspapers covers the subject in election and post-election.
There is absolutely nothing new that we have not seen or heard since the days of President Joaquim Chissano. Subsequent negotiations elections served or to update the electoral law or to accommodate some demands of Renamo. And with each new accommodation or legislative review arose new problems. And so we were living the armed peace. In all the demonstrations that took place, people died. In 2012, at the height of political repression imposed by the government of Armando Guebuza to critics and opposition members, Afonso Dhlakama refuge to Gorongosa where reactive their military forces. As a result, he broke the little war whose theoretical order became known through the agreements of 5 September 2014. Recently, after the 2014 elections, the climate of tension rekindled behold again Afonso Dhlakama is systematically pursued with a result suffered several attacks, including his closest.
For rational organizations, who think towards a common good and have a winning plan, it would be time to stop and reflect on ways to fight that in 20 years did not result in anything but in deaths, delays and destruction; stagnation and bad name internationally.
• Why they insist on methods that do not work?
• Twenty years are not enough to convince themselves that the methods used so far to resolve the conflict do not work?
The insistence of the same methods suggests one of two or three conclusions:
• Or someone is taking benefit of this racket
• Or we face the inability to make deep readings on the real causes of the conflict
• That we are dealing with an elite that still did not realize that their thinking is flawed and the alternatives they propose are not feasible.
Indeed, we are dealing with two entities that nourish a "love" for each other visceral make 40 years. And their relationship has not changed since then: mutual mistrust, lack of transparency, perennial attempt to betray the agreed and whenever the opportunity allows, ambushes political or military. It was ever thus, on both sides.

Then I will mention four basic problems which, from my point of view, FRELIMO could not solve the last 40 years. And then mention the other four main challenges to overcome Renamo.
FIRST: Contrary to the propaganda of Frelimo noises, we live a divided country: both ethnically and economically and politically. To this national unity is a fallacy. One of the problems that Frelimo could never solve was the promotion of national unity. Like yesterday, today people think that regional disparities are not being duly and demonstrably addressed; Afonso Dhlakama and Renamo speak at ease in being able to divide the country or govern where he won or even form a center of the Republic and Northern Mozambique without causing riot or public reprimand by the Mozambicans, especially the regions concerned. As much as you try to prove the opposite, in fact a united people will never allow such pronouncements and even the perpetrators of such pronouncements would never dare to manipulate the regionalist sentiment in its favor. If they do it is because they are aware that most of these people share the same feeling, whether this be right or wrong. In fact, this is a problem that comes from the formation of the Liberation Front Frelimo, characterized by internal tribal conflicts; the massacres promoted against leaders seen as opposition by the victorious factions, persecution and eccentric leaders. The fact that we won the independence of the Portuguese is not proof that it was the result of national unity. And the fact that we continue now as a country is not only because the Frelimo Party worked or work for it. As Professor Elisio Macamo one day said, Mozambique is a geographical and historical accident and I add; born of a colonial project which herdamo it as it is. This point brings me to the second challenge.
SECOND: The organization of political power is a producer of exclusion and marginalization: the transition from a single party system to multiparty was not accompanied by necessary reforms to ensure that every Mozambican, each organization gain; live according to their performance. My point here is that the way we are politically and administratively organized does not allow each and every one of us "live your expense."
• We vote in person only to the position of President of the Republic which is then responsible for appointing more than 100 national and provincial leaders, among governors, ministers and deputy ministers (exacerbated powers)
• Although we have the provincial assemblies, the governors are authentic "impostors", sent from PR who run according to their will. The this anthropological implication is that despite being formally leaders, hardly these are legitimate or legitimized, particularly in regions where the provincial director does not correspond to what was the choice from the same people. Therefore, the governors should be elected to complete the costume of the Provincial Assembly.
Coupled with the point raised earlier, Afonso Dhlakama operates very successfully this when now for example, we have a month to testify if indeed threats materialize or not.
In Mozambique or you win everything or lose everything. there is no middle ground. I know of no stable democracy that shares the same electoral system that our uum or similar political-administrative system. And before dubious electoral management bodies, it is impossible for them immediately targeted actors not insurjam. The electoral defeat means automatic exclusion both economically and politically and permanent convício with despair and uncertainty. Our electoral system instead of contributing to political rapprochement and consolidation of democracy, weakened by the contrary.
Third: 50% of national wealth is spent by the state and its employees with the head of a cartel ruling elite. Related to the two preceding paragraphs, the national wealth is consumed almost entirely by the state of servers, which constitutes the minority of the working population of the country, with the cartel's elite head. If we look at the budget we find that 60% of this goes to operating expenses and the rest 40% for investment. This means that for most people, just comes to them what is possible and lucky. In the current political conditions, this means that unless the opposition parties control municipalities or provinces, hardly they can reproduce themselves, let alone their members can access the table of business or the state apparatus.
the draft law presented by both Renamo and the MDM, show how urgent despartidarizar state institutions. However, even if this happens, without a thorough reform of the administration of the state and constitution, such proposals would be difficult to implement. What the opposition parties need not laws that despartidarizem the state, but conditions that allow access to power proportional to their performance and policy relevance.
ROOM: Inability to strengthen institutions able to solve the driving reasons for conflicts. Although Mozambique is a multiparty democracy, state sovereignty to institutions too can hardly perform in full their functions. Take for example the parliament, which in principle should be the watchdog of the state. However, Partisanship prevents this is reality. We have seen repeatedly by the uncritical alignment of the majority counter to the dictates of the government while the minority celebrate the chorus of sameness. Twenty years after the then warring parties continue to behave as if they had just met, repeating the same fears, the same vices and prejudices, the same buzzwords disqualifying; the same initial positions.
While it is in the interest of Frelimo continue to rule the coming years, will itself be the trigger clearly identified processes of change in the previous four points. If you do not want; if you want to experience the opposition, as it has done all over Mozambique, you can still entrenched in their prejudices, celebrating the groupthink.

On the other hand, Renamo also has its challenges, which need to be overcome them and most importantly, the military question.
FIRST: Gunmen. In theory, it is very difficult to disarm a soldier. Much more difficult is to disarm your mind. For the military, the weapon is their security. Regarding Renamo and its leadership, I notice a certain at ease in maintaining their armed men as well, they think it is easier to strengthen its bargaining position at the negotiating table with Frelimo. Well, on the one hand it is true that Frelimo gave certain requirements due to this real risk, on the other, are precisely the weapons the cause of these endless cycles of post-election violence, which extend throughout the cycle. Before this, keep gunmen represents an unnecessary cost and a significant burden on the finances of Renamo.
If we look closely, we see that the last twenty years, weapons were only able to protect Afonso Dhlakama, leader of Renamo. AND NO ONE ELSE.
• Weapons failed to protect Gilles Cistac;
• failed to protect Manuel Bissopo,
• failed to protect supporters of Renamo in Montepuez, Mogincual or Angoche;
• failed to protect the guard SG Renamo;
• weapons failed to protect the arrest of Mr Muchanga or Brigadier Chilli;
• weapons failed to protect the numerous members of Renamo and MDM and other innocent civilians abducted and killed by politically motivated.
The only concrete evidence we have regarding the usefulness of Renamo weapons is that they managed to protect yes Renamo leader. As a person and as a human, it would be time to consider whether it is worth continuing with the same vision, the same policy, twenty years later, exposing their sympathizers and supporters to direct more likely to die shot.
It is SIM TRUTH that there are people willing to die for the leader. But the best would be that these people lived to see their leader ascend to the position of President of the Republic; enjoy the sacrifice of income and realize the alternation of power; see the country develop. Therefore, it is also a leader's responsibility to save lives, save lives, protect their members.
If we die, we can not benefit from his leadership, when this finally came to power. Beyond parity, integration or reform criteria, I think there should be before the Renamo, a resolute decision to get rid of the gunmen.
Disarm has an advantage that curiously Renamo may be wasting. It is that guns are a limiting instrument to the public commitment of all Renamo supporters. I will try to say it in other words: When the Renamo introduces the discourse of weapons, limits or silences a huge fringe of his supporters and limits them from the possibility of being able to engage in the practice. This happens not only because people do not want war but also because the overwhelming majority or nearly all voters have no weapons. Moreover, civilians are afraid of being identified as belonging to the agitators. In fact only the soldiers is that they can shoot.
• The greatest wealth Renamo are not weapons. Are free people, who want to support their leader and the party to win the elections otherwise; otherwise. But with weapons, these people find themselves hindered in participating.
• A Renamo no weapons will be much more successful, more powerful, more influential, more ready to rule because it will have direct and uninhibited support of the people, willing to organize themselves to take power. It is this point that I will speak next.
SECOND Organization to win the elections. I do not know if would be left margin for doubt is claimed that the last ten years Renamo spent more time "running away" from which to plan their political work. Since the transfer of residence of their leader from Maputo to Nampula and from there to Santungira; of Santungira to Beira and again to the uncertain / secure part, the leadership of Renamo lost a lot of time, resources and intelligence in search of survival than the political organization and its bases. This is not to align the pitch of the President Nyusi whose pronouncements made in Addis Ababa were clearly unhappy, but I want to reaffirm that in the last election claims experience has shown that Renamo did not score any points in this chapter. Gaza never elected whether a deputy. In fact, Gaza has been a real no-go zone for Renamo and it nor cares to become established there. Election violence claims may make sense but the risk of continuing to lose will be greater if the organizational work does not start early and persistently.
In Inhambane, electoral results point to higher turnout the polls ever, hovering between 80-90% in favor of the ruling party; atypical thing for the standard of participation, which does not exceed 50%. Why does it happen? Lack of tax, absence of representatives, lack of political work by Renamo. However much we blame the government for fraud or do nothing to stop the election violence; or the electoral management bodies to be permissive fraud is especially Renamo that falls the responsibility to organize the best way to change the disadvantage. Indeed, the southern part is that in fact gives victory to Frelimo, since the clearance system is the sum of valid votes.
THIRD: Leadership: lead the opposition opinion and the masses. Because of items 1 and 2 above, although Renamo continue to have greater acceptance across the country, it is curiously disengaged a party of the masses. As the largest party in opposition, she had an obligation to lead the opposition opinion. What we see is oddly one Babylonian where even the ruling party joins some opposition parties whenever it likes, manipulating them in prejudice to the opposition. Rethink the Renamo leadership role will involve taking its role as leader of the opposition opinion. And that Renamo know perfectly how to do and what to do.
ROOM: Courage to be the first to change. The Renamo leader and the people are aware of the "evil government of Frelimo". There is not the slightest doubt. However, not enough to know this. And be limited to detailing the evil of the enemy is not to make good policy. The only alternative left for Renamo, if you want to come forward, is to have the courage to change. Changing, surprising the opponent to take the necessary advantages, can leave a choked Frelimo, then this time going through one of its worst internal crisis after the death of Eduardo Mondlane in 1969! But this requires courage; courage to proceed with a new and renewing politics, inspiring the masses; courage to assume its role as leader of the opposition opinion; NEW THINGS TO DO courage. I said, DO THINGS OF COURAGE BRIDES and differently
Both Frelimo and Renamo, the secret lies in being the first to come forward in changing the way of doing politics, including concessions that the game may seem exaggerated. Gone are the times when it was favored ZERO SUM game theories. Now all should strive for the scenario WIN-WIN. Accept losing to earn a little together consolidate peace.

It's possible.
(EGIDIO VAZ/historian)

Tuesday, January 26, 2016


Qatar Airways has announced that it is increasing connections between Mozambique and Qatar by introducing, as from March, direct flights between Doha and Maputo.According to a report in Monday’s issue of the Maputo daily “Noticias”, the announcement was made at a ceremony where Qatar Airways distinguished the company Cotur Tours as its main agent in Mozambique. The current twice weekly Qatar Airways flights between Maputo and Doha stop at Johannesburg in both directions. Cutting out the stop in Johannesburg will reduce travel time by two hours. The decision reflects confidence that there is enough traffic between the two cities to make the route profitable, without stopping in Johannesburg to pick up more passengers. The new direct flight may also prove attractive to passengers who wish to travel on to other destinations in the Middle East, Europe and Asia. The Maputo-Doha route will use the most modern of large aircraft, a Boeing 787 Dreamliner.
The director of Cotur, Noor Momade, told “Noticias” that the prize awarded to his company by Qatar Airways is of great importance since this is generally regarded as one of the best airlines in the world, and this is the first time it has awarded prizes since beginning operations in Maputo. “This prize shows once again that we are on the right path, and that our clients are pleased with our work”, said Momade.

MORRUMBALA GOVERNMENT WANTS TO NEGOTIATE WITH RENAMO government of Morrumbala district in the central Mozambican province of Zambezia plans to meet in the near future with the local leadership of the former rebel movement Renamo in the locality of Sabe, reports Tuesday’s issue of the Maputo daily “Noticias”.Sabe is where the illegal Renamo militia set up a new military base last year, which Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama called a “general staff headquarters”. The instability in Sabe led to the interruption of classes in primary schools in the locality last October, and unless a solution is found rapidly about 9,000 pupils may be unable to continue their studies.Morrumbala district administrator Pedro Sapange told reporters on Friday, in the provincial capital, Quelimane, that a meeting with Renamo to negotiate the reopening of the schools could happen before the start of the school year on 5 February.Sapange plans to meet on Tuesday with State employees who have fled from Sabe in an effort to persuade them to return to their posts, since the military situation is currently calm.Not all state workers have abandoned Sabe. According to Sapange, the Sabe health centre is continuing to operate. Every day the health workers, who are currently living in Morrumbala town, travel to Sabe, work at the centre, and return to the town in the evening.Sapange thought that Sabe teachers, who are currently also in Morrumbala town, could do the same. He wanted the teachers to return to their schools, even if they have to commute between Morrumbala and Sabe, “to guarantee that the children can study. We are worried because the school year is about to begin”.There are about 170 teachers in the Sabe schools. They have fled from Sabe to take refuge either in Morrumbala town, or in neighbouring districts. At the end of 2015, 1,200 seventh grade pupils in Sabe were supposed to sit final exams (for the transition from primary to secondary education) but the military tensions made this impossible.The presence of armed Renamo gangs has also had a serious impact on the Sabe economy, hitting agricultural production because farmers feel it is not safe to work their fields.

Test takeover

Four Renamo members are individuals held in Ribaué district, Nampula province, accused of trying to seize power by force.The police in Nampula said that neutralization of individuals was made in a popular rally in Lapala, which transmitted messages to the effect that Renamo is a party in powerSérgio Mourinho spokesman Police in Nampula said that in addition to trying to take power by force, individuals are also accused of inciting violence.The police in Nampula urges people not to get carried away with speeches that violate the National Unity and Peace in Mozambique.While it is not clear the real motivations according to police, individuals remain detained in the cells of the District Command Ribaué, Nampula province.

There are elements to clarify attack

The commission of inquiry set up in Mozambique to investigate the shooting attack on the secretary general of the largest opposition party already has elements to clarify the case, announced today the spokesman of the Mozambican police."Our team is already in Beira [Sofala province in central Mozambique] and already has elements for clarification of this case," said Inacio Dina, speaking in Maputo during the weekly press conference of the Police of the Republic of Mozambique (PRM ) concerning the attack on 20 January, the number two of the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo), Manuel Bissopo.The spokesman for the PRM stressed that the priority is to stop the perpetrators of the crime, reiterating that there are already indications from witnesses of the attack Bissopo."We are working with everyone, including the victim," said Dina, indicating that, in due course, the police will have concrete information to present to the media.The secretary general of Renamo, Manuel Bissopo, was shot by unknown on 20 January when driving his car in Beira, taking your safety died on the spot.According to António Muchanga, spokesman for Renamo, Bissopo continued on Monday in hospital in South Africa but had significant improvements (a bullet along the aorta / heart).On Friday, in an interview with Lusa, the Renamo president Afonso Dhlakama, blamed Frelimo (Mozambique Liberation Front) by the shooting attack Bissopo, accusing the ruling party for 40 years in Mozambique to promote "terrorism State".Frelimo, in turn, he regretted the incident, which sees no political motives, and insisted on the urgency of the largest opposition political force disarmament.The general commander of the Police of the Republic of Mozambique (PRM), Jorge Khálau, announced on Friday a commission of inquiry to investigate the attack against the general secretary of Renamo, regretting the incident and condemning the perpetrators.The European Union and the United States has condemned the balemaneto of Bissopo and asked the determining liability in a climbing context of political violence in Mozambique.Mozambique is experiencing a situation of political uncertainty for several months and the leader of Renamo threat to take power in six northern and central provinces of the country, where the movement claims victory in the general elections 2014.Afonso Dhlakama has not been seen in public since 09 October, when his residence in Beira was raided by police who disarmed and detained for a few hours, his guard, the third incident in less than a month involving the leader of the delegation of opposition.In recent weeks, government and Renamo have accused each other of abductions and murders of its members.Renamo recently asked the mediation of South African President Jacob Zuma, and the Catholic Church to dialogue with the Government, which has been blocked for several months.Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi, has reiterated its willingness to be sighted with the leader of Renamo, but Afonso Dhlakama believes that there is nothing to talk after Frelimo have leaded the Constitution of timely revision to accommodate new administrative regions claimed the opposition and that dialogue will resume after the seizure of power in the center and north of the country.

Minister requires the return of 7 million USD INSS

The Minister of Labour and Social Security, Victoria Diogo, instructed, recently, the Director-General of the National Social Security Institute to recover the value of an investment of more than seven million dollars, equivalent to 210 million meticais in participation with the company CR Aviation. Ltd, belonging to the president of the Association of Economic Activities (CTA), Rogério Manuel, according to newspaper Magazine Independent this week.A business bad debts from the start and contoured to blend with a big fraud, the National Social Security Institute (INSS) signed a memorandum of understanding with the company CR Aviation, a company of the civil aviation industry to operate one for investment the acquisition of certain aircraft.The memorandum between the INSS and the CR Aviation aimed at setting up a partnership in the context of diversification of the investment portfolio, further to the materialization of the guardianship recommendation given in Nampula Province to Members of the Board of Directors, in order to provide support to small and medium-sized Mozambican companies owned by nationals.However, according to a file of the entire process, held by the Magazine at the time of the negotiations there were a number of irregularities, since it does not comply with the requirements established under subparagraph e) of paragraph 2 of Article 106 of Regulation Compulsory Social Security, approved by Decree No. 53/2007, of December 3, which states that the INSS values ​​can only be invested in equity securities quoted on the Stock Exchange.A requirement that Rogério Manuel firm did not meet at all, but even so, there was one blind eye and moved up to the memorandum, to then be asked the requirements for quoting the CR Aviation Stock Exchange of Mozambique as evidenced by the craft 537 / INSS / GAB-DG / 2014 dated September 29, 2014.The amount invested by the INSS, three million dollars intended for the acquisition of 15% of the share capital of CR Aviation Ltd; two million, eight hundred thousand US dollars was the advance to guarantee entry of the INSS in the Company CR Aviation Ltd, whose aim was the acquisition of four aircraft in the process of its operating leverage and the remaining one million and two hundred thousand US dollars were related to administrative costs, in particular, inspection of 4 aircraft, insurance and maintenance.For this reason, funding and partnership agreement with the INSS, so that the latter acquired 15% of shares, is still ongoing, because the CR Aviation waits for the 2015 accounts closing to start the sale process of its shares at INSS, in the Mozambique Stock Exchange.Even before finishing the dossier from the sale of 15% of the shares to the INSS, Rogério Manuel is selling the last part of their shares to AVS Investments Ltd without the consent of the INSS, which according to the composition of the CR Aviation Ltd, furnished to the Bank to which the AVS investments are requesting financing for the transaction, the INSS does not even appear in the shareholder composition of the CR Aviation.For this reason, the AVS Investment company underwent a park bench a request for funding of investment credit in order, worth over 35 million meticais, to acquire shares of Rogério Manuel, corresponding to 49%. With this acquisition, AVS Investment will hold 100% of shares of the company CR Aviation, Lda. More developments in the newspaper Imprenso Magazine Independente. Reginaldo Tchambule

Wednesday, January 6, 2016


MKAPA3Mozambican musician is causing furor in the land of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, 
MKAPA1Russia. It is Monteiro Francisco or simply M KAPA [Artistic Name], is a young man born in Maputo and currently resides in Rússia.Começou his career in Maputo, around 1998, when in 2012 he went to Russia in order 
MKAPA7to continue your studies, you are presently attending Engineer Electronic.Jay Russia did not derogated, will reconcile their studies to what more needs to bom.M KAPA is not only more student is also musician, poet and will lecturing in many parts of Russia, praising the Mozambican culture abroad and has accumulated many awards, medals of honor.Download one of his musical worked on the following link:

Monday, January 4, 2016

Two analyzes

Nyusi: humility and simplicity
There IS a theory which states that if you want to know the true character of a certain person, give him power. In fact, there are two consequences that can occur when granting power to someone, or remains immutably good person, that becomes an overnight arrogant and difficult to treat, even towards his old friends.After meeting the humility and simplicity of Philip Nyusi, most while covering the final stretch of his election campaign last year, before, so he was elected President of the Republic on 15 October 2014, I notice, with growing satisfaction, that power which holds 11 months ago, did not degenerate in arrogance or the mania known all generally takes possession of most of those who ascend to power, be it political, economic, religious or any other nature.Unwittingly falling into flattery, Nyusi is proving to be, therefore, a great man, because it maintains the same person as before the power. Have not lost "your child's heart" which, according to human age-old wisdom, is what engradece and makes men, great men, and that only very few can keep it when they reach adulthood. Even those who knew him well in the days of his youth and adulthood have I asserted that Nyusi does indeed, poverty of others, including that still crushes most of us, his fellow countrymen. Ensure that when he says he wants to fight against poverty is not to say that only lip service, as is common among politicians who often only sing what is not going on the soul so that the poor the Look upon as their saviors and so can remain in power.Some say Nyusi is clear proof of the thesis of the great Swiss writer, Stefan Zweig, which states that, in general, every man that grows in the midst of great hardship and suffering, it becomes a great man and defender of other greedy. The reprieve that has just granted this December, a thousand our compatriots who were in prisons is for me one of the proofs that embodies itself, the suffering of others. The same can be seen in his visit on the eve of this holiday season, the Wholesaler of Zimpeto Market in Maputo, for, from there, to urge all the country sellers to not greedily raise product prices, so they can be accessible to all or at least most of the less affluent.For large possessions that do not go hungry, or who have never experienced in life how it hurts hunger and poverty, can see these goings of Nyusi to markets as evidence that does not know what to do as head of state. But far from it, are for me the revelation that this President knows himself, which is to go to bed without having eaten enough or nothing. One must bear in mind that over 60 percent of about 24 million Mozambicans do not eat enough and there are many among them who come to spend one or more days without eating anything. There are many who will transition to the year with nothing to eat. So it is very important and commendable that Nyusi dedicate part of its agenda to ensure that this most Mozambicans eat something. It is no coincidence that the then Brazilian President Lula da Silva, has devoted much of its government action to fight hunger and is now believed to have been a good president by the majority of Brazilians. If Nyusi get away with hunger, will have done a great work to his countrymen, as important as those who liberated us from colonialism that has denied us the right to own food, which was "per se", the same as in deny life itself, because who does not eat, he dies.Nyusi know how hard it is tragic and not eat anything or being poor, because he himself went through it in your life. Not one of you imagine what hunger and poverty. From the little I know of Nyusi's life trajectory, convinces me not heard of poverty - himself suffered from poverty, and the evidence of that is to have made their TPCs lighting is xiphefu, which in this case is a lamp improvised, or sometimes even under a public lighting when did his high school in Beira. He himself never tires of recalling these is that they were indeed difficult times, when referring to this chapter because it passes together with other colleagues at the time, as the current Minister of Transport and Communications, Carlos Mesquita.Although 11 months is very little time to evaluate this man that fate catapulted him to third Guebuza position after Samora Machel, Joaquim Chissano and Armando Emilio Guebuza, there is consensus that he remains as humble, simple and friend of his friends and that boils wanted to see eradicated from time poverty that still affects the majority of his countrymen. One of the proofs that it is more than ever predisposed to help their compatriots to fight against hunger and poverty is to have already started to create material conditions for Mozambican farmers can make a production with more appropriate means in respect of which so far used. I mean the parks of machines in order of Nyusi are being implemented throughout the country with an agricultural potential.I believe this is a fervent proof of their desire to want to see hunger and poverty rampant in eliminated Mozambican rural areas. I think these are issues that sadden and that led him to give his first Report to the Nation, an atypical outcome that he was proud of what has been done in these 11 months, but at the same time is still not satisfied. For me it was a happy outcome and consistent with reality, nevertheless can give the idea of ​​contradiction, as I have heard some people claiming so. That is, you can not be proud of something that does not satisfy us. It is possible yes sir to-be proud of what has been done or is doing still up, but at the same time not being satisfied or completely satisfied.For the dear reader understand how it is possible to be, proud of something you did or what you're doing, not being yet satisfied, I can give the example of the time that Frelimo was fighting against the Portuguese colonialism. In fact, as the fight progressed, and was adding more liberated areas, such feats filled with pride fighters, but at the same time could not they be fully satisfied because they had not yet reached the ultimate goal - which was the release the country and the people of Portuguese colonialism. Now all that has been done over these 11 months in which Nyusi is leading, aims, ultimately, the release of Mozambique's poverty in which almost all still living. So it makes sense that despite the advances that have been achieved in these 11 months, and even over the 40 years of our independence, it can not leave satisfied, while most of his compatriots really suffer from the poverty.I believe that there is no contradiction in this its outcome. All one is heroic, can cause you proud even if some gains and fail, because at least succeeded in trying to do, although it was not successful or completely successful. When we evoke the memories of our compatriots who heroically died fighting for our independence, as Dr. Eduardo Mondlane Chivambo and many others do it because they make us proud for what they did good, but above all because they are the living proof that we are not a coward but heroic people, despite not having succeeded in life beat our enemies.One of the most important evidence of this Nyusi of children's heart is his selfless commitment to the pursuit of lasting peace for our country. Shortly after taking the helm of the country, Nyusi all made to meet with Renamo leader, and did so for two consecutive days. Unfortunately, despite its willingness to reach an outcome with Dhlakama, this has proved not predisposed to dialogue. Unfortunately still, despite this predisposition Nyusi to meet with Dhlakama to run out of time with the apparent political crisis spectrum, there are those who do everything to present the idea that those who are not collaborating is even President Nyusi. It is unfortunate that there is this bad judgment Nyusi but not surprised to be accused of what is not guilty. Even before it made many innocents, including highlight Nelson Mandela who was kept in jail for 27 long years. It was proof that in this world there are saints in jail and criminals in the churches. But the fact is that Nyusi deserves more to be our "Figure of the Year" and not Dhlakama as already elected some media.
(Mozambique News Agency)

The hope is the people!

Resultado de imagem para canalmozThis is the last editorial we wrote to our esteemed readers in 2015. When the journal is in the hands of dear reader, will miss few hours for the bells announce the New Year.The year ending was editorially rich in events, but events were, overwhelmingly, not prided to any common sense citizen. It was a difficult year, so not to forget. We can not forget the blunders that were being committed, because we run the risk of becoming pathological as normal, and we move from mediocrity into mediocrity. It must break.The year ending gets hectic with an electoral coup equal to 1999 and the enthronement, once again, of the votes of thieves, established winners Numas nuts elections, which should embarrass anyone. We were forced to watch a degrading spectacle of the Sting agents, with each blaming the other on the whereabouts of the notices, which, to date, no one has ever seen. Neither Nyusi himself knows how to win, and perhaps that is why, to this day, does not know whether the rule is or is to be governed. It is the material coefficient of illegitimacy.We are required to attend a retired as Chipande without official indication whatsoever, to go public dictate the cornerstones of governance, as if he were the guardian of the "boy president," that is, give us to understand that everything Nyusi says that is just fun, and it should only be taken seriously if the Chipande say. While Chipande do not, then you are not to take into consideration.Days after the legalization of electoral Sting, are collected by a fat inaugural speech on false pretenses, which only took 24 hours for the period of validity expired. In less than 24 hours after it was announced that would be formed a competent Government and all Mozambicans, behold, they are called friends, in-laws of former colleagues daughters, nieces of former creditors, young men which dealt with hours in the campaign and not to disappoint, the usual friends who were working in several fronts occasion.It was clear that one could not expect anything but the usual "it was our time to eat." And that's what you see. There is no initiative to give hope to the people, let alone collective construction projects of the Republic. A desert of ideas, with ribbons cuts in markets and opening of scaly fish machines.And as we face the extent of destroying saga of the previous flock, there is no interest in clarifying financial crimes as the EMATUM, which launched the country into the deep end. By the way, it would be like asking a rapist to choose its criminal frame. Result: no exemplary accountability, we were reporting severe cases of misuse of public funds and nothing happened to offenders. Cases like EMOSE are the antechamber of what happens in almost all public companies, where the notion of public good has been cleared. The Prime Minister visited all these companies and found that reality, and the only measure that was taken was to put managers to self-regulate themselves.Civil War episodes have reached extreme levels. Innocent died. There was displaced citizens in despair. Schools and health centers were closed. Students were not examined. The head of the largest opposition party lives hidden in the woods, as he walks to be hunted by gunmen of the ruling party.Simulate up political negotiations and is chosen as mediators the most degraded sections of society. We are entering the New Year without any prospect of peace, reconciliation and tolerance. On the economic front, the prospects are the same. There is a generalized increase in prices, with the metical to decline to levels never seen before. Opting for dubious projects dragged us to this point: projects such as EMATUM not differ from new and millionaire building of the Bank of Mozambique, whose purpose so far no one knows.All this is because as a people we have been adopting an attitude of apathy towards frightening abuses that are committed. With lack of civic engagement of young people, those who govern there's nothing left but to issue a signed certificate of collective stupidity. We must be brave and say "no" when necessary. No one will respect the people while the people not to assume its role as owner and boss of the land. The leaders are to serve the people, not to be leaders of the people. If the civic conscience of every Mozambican awakening, we have a New Year 2016 more hope, because hope comes from the people themselves. No one better than the people themselves to decide their priorities. We would like to end this reflection wishing happy Christmas and a Happy New Year, but we prefer complete demanding more civic awareness of participation in 2016. We will meet us here in this very room, in a week, when 6 January 2016, ie New Year. The fight goes on.
 (Canalmoz / Mozambique Channel)