Negotiations between the government and Renamo slowed in the last rounds, on charges around dinheiro.Reunidas in another dediálogo session (85) Monday (21), the parties again failed to register any progress in the matters under discussion, absorbing time with accusations. The Government delegation accused the delegation of the main opposition party to be demanding subsidies to take part in the dialogue, conditioned on participation in the negotiation process. In turn, Renamo refutes the allegations, demanding proof. When missing about 60 days (from 135 in the agreement) to the end of the mission of EMOCHIM (Note Military Team Cessation of Hostilities Military), which has the task of monitoring the reintegration of residual Renamo men in the ranks of the FADM and PRM and social reintegration of the remaining, the two delegations show up more and more distant from the conclusion of this dossier. The Government submitted a proposal for 300 vacancies for the reintegration of Renamo men in FADM and PRM, but the movement says that the number of vacancies is quite narrow and even affects the delivery of the lists to the adoption of a model that should guide the entire process reintegration.
On Monday (21), the head of the government delegation, José Pacheco, admitted that there are problems of interpretation of the provisions relating to the integration of the residual forces of Renamo. This obstacle, he said, is related to the need for delivery lists with the names and patents of armed Renamo men, for their evaluation and reintegration. Among the obstacles in the negotiations, Pacheco emphasized the alleged requirement of Renamo delegation of payment for participation in the dialogue subsidies.
In turn, the head of the delegation of Renamo, Saimone Macuiana, denied that his team has received or request subsidies and much less condition the meetings to the payment of money. On occasion, the head of the delegation Renamo demanded the Government to provide evidence of such pade ments. He admitted that the executive is paying subsidies to the team of military experts motion, pursuant to an agreement between the parties. For the head of the delegation of Renamo, if the Government fails to prove the allegations, will be showing its intention to tarnish the image of this party to the public. Saimone Macuiane reiterated the requirement of the transitional model of armed Renamo men, reframing of those in the army, but supposedly "marginalized", and the sharing of leadership positions in all units of the FADM. A source close to the observation of the dialogue SAVANA asserted that Renamo is demanding the subsidies from payment, although not specify the amounts involved. Our source said that besides the daily allowance of three thousand meticais given to military experts Renamo, the delegation of the main opposition party made a presentation supporting its inclusion in the financial package of incentives for participating in the process but never conditioned its presence at the table of dialogue to receive money. To our source, the fact that they are to be of national interest issues discussed justifies the claim of the delegation of Renamo, not including therefore the movement's refusal to publicly assume the intention to receive subsidies. At the request of Renamo, said the same source, the Government acquired five vehicles (4 Ford Ranger and 1 Prado) for the delegation of the movement to use in supervision during the process of reintegration of his men. The car should have been delivered Monday, but for unknown reasons, Renamo expressed outages to receive them, so that the delivery was delayed for another opportunity.
Academic and Director of the Civil Society Support Mechanism (MASC), João Pereira, argues that, first of all, we need minimum conditions are created for the teams that are in dialogue, so that there is balance between the parties, as the government delegation enjoys perks ex-officio. Pereira warns that those minimum conditions do not teams lose focus of the debate, as this can create a bad perception within civil sociality, according to which political elites promote negotiations for economic dividends, a fact which can sharpen the emergence of other politicians to promote instability. "The debate on subsidies can not be above the interests of society and much less override the State. Negotiations should focus on ensuring the stability of the people and inclusion of society in economic benefits, "he said. The academic said that in politics, anything goes to discredit the other. To João Pereira, the issue of subsidies may be a strategy of attrition that the government is using to give to understand the people that this is the real cause for which to fight Renamo, which can contribute to the party into disrepute. Thus, calls for Renamo for a serious stance on dialogue, fight for the creation of opportunity for the people, especially the disadvantaged, who are the majority of their electorate. "We need to show civil society it (Renamo) can be a real political alternative based on the encouraging results of the last elections," believes John Pereira.
The researcher of the Institute of Social and Economic Studies (IESE), António Francisco, finds it odd the direction in which the dialogue is to be taken at a time remaining slightly more than two months to the end of the reintegration of Renamo men and it does not seem tangible solutions. The academic says commune of the opinion that the request Renamo is fair, provided it is done within acceptable standards and not be wasteful source of public funds. António Francisco condemns the government's tactic of demonizing its counter part. According to António Francisco, this subject should be treated with respect, consideration and professionalism between the parties and not in search of role, because the people are waiting for results of the debate, in order to ensure a time for good stability. However, says there may be vested interests behind the controversy and "plan B" that the Government intends to operate as soon as appear desirable. "This is because still awaited with great expectation for the verdict of the Constitutional Council (CC) compared to the last elections and noting that guided the environment, and irregularities, the reports of the observer missions have criticized the process," considers António Francisco.